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노동시장 불평등 현황과 대책

노동시장 불평등 현황과 대책 대표이미지
  • 주관한국노동연구원
  • 발간년도 2020년
  • 페이지수377
  • 연구자윤윤규

요약/내용

이 연구는 한국 노동시장에서 불평등의 현황과 추이를 다양한 측면에서 종합적으로 파악하고 불평등의 원인을 규명하며, 분석결과를 바탕으로 노동시장 불평등개선을 위한 정책개선의 방향 및 방안을 제시한다. 노동시장 불평등개선은 사회적 통합력 제고는 물론 우리 경제 및 노동시장의 성과와 효율성을 높이는 데 불가결한 토대를 구성한다는 점에서 최근 중요하고 시급한 정책의제로 제기되고 있다. 이 연구는 노동시장에서 임금 및 소득 불평등과 관련된 다양한 측면들, 즉 기업 규모·산업·고용형태에 따른 불평등문제, 플랫폼경제화 진전에 따른 불평등문제, 임금체계와 불평등의 관계, 소득 불평등개선을 위한 주요 정책수단들(근로장려세제, 최저임금제)의 성과와 한계 등에 대해 주제별·이슈별로 심층적인 실증분석을 수행하였다. 이 연구에서 도출된 다양한 분석결과 및 정책제언들은 불평등문제 연구 분야에서 학술적인 기여와 더불어 노동시장 불평등개선을 모색하는 정책당국에 유용한 정보 및 기초자료를 제공할 것으로 기대된다.

<이하 원문 확인>

목차

제1장 들어가는 글 : 연구의 목적 및 방향 ······························································ 1 제2장 임금 불평등지표 추이와 특징 ·············································································· 6 제1절 머리말 ······················································································································· 6 제2절 임금 불평등지표 추이 ················································································· 7 1. 상위집단의 임금점유율 추이 ························································································ 7 2. 임금 불평등(지니계수) 추이 ·························································································· 8 3. 임금 10분위 배율 추이 ································································································ 8 제3절 임금집단별 임금점유율과 구성 ·········································································· 9 1. 임금집단별 임금 몫 추이 ····························································································10 2. 상위 1%의 구성 ··········································································································11 3. 상위 10%의 구성 ········································································································14 4. 중간 40%의 구성 ········································································································15 5. 하위 50%의 구성 ········································································································17 제4절 불평등지수 ·············································································································18 1. 지니계수 ························································································································18 2. 임금 10분위 배율(P9010) ···························································································21 제5절 타일지수를 이용한 임금 불평등 분해 ····························································23 1. 인적속성 ························································································································23 2. 일자리 속성 ··················································································································25 3. 요약 ·······························································································································27 제6절 회귀분석을 이용한 불평등 분해 ······································································27 제7절 맺음말 - 요약과 함의 ···························································································30 제3장 기업 규모별 임금 격차 : 거시적 현황 보고와 미시적 요인 분석 ············34 제1절 서 론 ························································································································34 제2절 기존 문헌 ···············································································································38 제3절 거시적 현황 및 추이 분석 ················································································41 1. 자료 개요 ······················································································································41 2. 거시적 현황 및 추이 분석 ··························································································43 제4절 개인 및 사업체 단위 미시분석 ········································································65 1. 자료 개요 ······················································································································66 2. 기초통계 분석 ··············································································································67 3. 분석 모형 및 방법 ·······································································································79 4. 분석결과 : 사업체패널조사 ···························································································83 제5절 소 결 ·······················································································································95 제4장 산업별 불평등의 현황과 원인 ···········································································101 제1절 서 론 ·····················································································································101 제2절 산업별 임금 및 근로시간 격차의 변화 추이 ·············································103 1. 산업 간 임금 및 근로시간 격차 : 고용형태별근로실태조사 ····································104 2. 산업 간 임금 및 근로시간 격차 : 사업체 노동력조사 ·············································109 제3절 소득 불평등의 분해 : 산업 내 산업 간 ························································114
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